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This journal article discusses fresh non-linguistics aspects and perspectives on politeness such as “attentiveness” and “heart”… Read more: fukushima-s-pr-2015-0011.pdf
While politeness has been researched mainly from the perspectives
of face and identity, this conceptual paper explores another understanding of
politeness through the consideration of attentiveness, namely, a demonstrator’s pre-emptive responses to a recipient’s verbal or non-verbal cues or situations surrounding a recipient and a demonstrator, which takes the form of offering.
In this paper, it is suggested that politeness can be construed in relation to the heart; and that behavioral (non-linguistic) politeness, an understudied area in the field, should be taken into account in politeness research. With the development of interpersonal pragmatics, there has been a growing need to investigate interpersonal relationships, and great importance is placed on evaluation in the discursive approach. As attentiveness is an interpersonal notion, which involves evaluation, the consideration of attentiveness meets these demands.
In the present paper, the concept of attentiveness is clarified and it is shown how attentiveness works by presenting the process of demonstration and evaluation of attentiveness.
Keywords: politeness, attentiveness, evaluation, heart