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The aim of this research blog is to encourage sharing among researchers on the topic of linguistic politeness and pragmatics. This platform has been made accessible to public since July 2013.

An Online Discussion & Resource Network
–Multilingual; Cross-Disciplinary (Business, Linguistics, Psychology, Sociology, etc.)
–Indonesia, Singapore, Vietnam, other Southeast Asian Subgroups & Clusters (Chinese, Indian, Malay, Peranakan, etc.)
–Undergraduates, Postgraduates and Scholars

Register at: sealinguist@gmail.com
(include full name and affiliation)

Southeast Asian Linguistics Society Conference (SEALS XXV)(27 to 29 May 2015; Chiangmai)

The next SEALS conference will be held in Chiangmai, Thailand, on the abovementioned dates.
For details on “call for papers” and other information, see:


*** A gentle reminder: Quite comprehensive lists of conferences in the first- and second-half of 2015 with Call for Papers have already been posted. Click “Conferences” on your right on this website. More conference news will be posted soon.

Error Analysis in Role-play Presentations among Less Proficient L2 Malaysian Learners

(Image: Jalan Pinang, Kuala Lumpur. From my picture-archive)
I have been informed that Murad Sawalmeh (University of Huddersfield, Applied Linguistics), one of the readers of this blog who’s located in the other side of the globe, just uploaded a paper on Academia.edu titled:

Error Analysis in Role-play Presentations among Less Proficient L2 Malaysian Learners

“The speaking skill in non-native language has been the subject of investigations in recent years (Hojati, 2013). The present study examines errors in the speech of less proficient speakers of English during their role-play presentations…” Here’s the link:


If you wish to query or comment on it, you may leave a reply on this blog. Thank you for sharing, Murad!

The No-Fail Secret For PhDs

A FB friend posted the links to the following articles (see below), which are advice for me and probably also for academics, scholars and writers.

I recall spending 11 months of 2013 (starting from mid-February to December 2013) just thinking and not writing anything. I kept reading until my supervisor and external advisor started reminding me to get down to write. I had my writing burst after that, and within five months from January to May 2014, I finished the first draft of my dissertation. It wasn’t shitty. Although I have yet to get the all the feedback, I know that I have to start polishing it from September 2014. I hope that my plan will be perfectly executed! (And if you also have one, get down to it and best wishes!).



Ancient Printing Methods in Vietnam

Bronze-blocks at Sinh Village, Hue. Photo from Vietnam Heritage Photo Awards 2012. Photo: Hoang Huu Tu
Bronze-blocks at Sinh Village, Hue. Photo from Vietnam Heritage Photo Awards 2012. Photo: Hoang Huu Tu

Someone who prefers to remain anonymous sent in the photographs of two articles on the preservation of writing in the recent Heritage Magazine published in Vietnam. (Thank you!). I found the articles on the Internet and have decided to upload the VNHeritage articles for your reading. These non-academic articles have made me think about the early forms of printing on woodblocks and cloths in this region. (And what are the old and new methods used in the region where you live?).

When I worked in the archives, some publications of the early 20th century had pages which were so brittle that I had to hold my breath when turning them. Regardless of the preservation or printing methods that were used for the publications, it gladdened me of course to be able to trace language change and understand the various kinds of influences from the previous eras.

In any case I am grateful for the records and preservation. New techniques, such as digitisation, have really made research a great deal easier now and should be appreciated and more widely applied.